Understanding Speech Impediments in Children
How do you know if your child has a speech impediment? What exactly is a speech impediment anyway? A speech impediment is a type of communication disorder where “normal” speech is disrupted. The disruption can include a lisp, stuttering, stammering, mis-articulation of certain sounds and more. Another commonly used phrase for speech impediments in children is speech disorder. Often, the causes of a speech impediment are unknown. However, sometimes there are physical impairments such as cleft palate or neurological disorders such as traumatic brain injury that may be the cause of the speech impairment. We have listed below five of the most common types of speech impediments in children and a general description of each. Of course, if you suspect your child may have a speech impairment of any kind, we encourage you to visit your pediatrician for more information.
Common Types of Speech Impediments in Children
Stuttering: Stuttering is when a person repeats the first half of the word. It also may involve the prolonging of a syllable or involuntary pauses. Stuttering is a speech impediment which can both be developmental or acquired. There are also studies that indicate stuttering may be linked to low self-esteem, anxiety, or a traumatic experience from childhood.
Apraxia of Speech: Apraxia involves the inconsistent producing and rearranging of speech sounds. For instance potato may become totapo. This disorder may be developmental, where the symptoms have been evident from birth, or acquired. Acquired apraxia of speech generally results from a physical impairment such as injury or stroke.
Speech Sound Disorder: A speech sound disorder involves difficulty producing certain sounds. The sounds could include /r/, /s/, /l/,/th/, /g/, /ch/ and /sh/. Speech sound disorders are divided into two categories of speech disorders. The first is a Phonetic disorder or articulation disorder which involves the child having difficulty in learning to produce certain sounds physically. The second speech sound disorder is a Phonemic disorder. This type of speech impediment involves the child having difficulty learning the sound distinctions of a language.
Cluttering: Cluttering is a speech disorder characterized by a rapid rate making speech difficult to understand, which in turn affects the person’s fluency. This can happen if the person has a tendency to speak really fast. This can also result when an individual continues to repeat themselves in order to try to make them understood. Cluttering is also referred to as fluency disorder.
Lisp: A lisp is a speech impediment in children who are struggling to produce the /s/ sound clearly. A frontal lisp is when a child pushes his tongue too far forward in the mouth. A lateral lisp produces a “slushy” sound because too much air is escaping out the sides of a child’s mouth.
We have identified only five of the most common types of speech impediments in children. There are a number of other speech disorders beyond what we have listed. Please refer to the free eBook below for additional information. The good news is that with consistent speech therapy and early intervention, speech impediments in children can be overcome.
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