Language Disorder

Language Disorder

Language disorders can be classified in three different ways: Expressive Language Disorder (ELD), Receptive Language Disorder (RLD) or Expressive-Receptive Language Disorder (ERLD).  Children with Expressive Language Disorder do not have problems producing sounds or words, but have an inability to retrieve the right words and formulate proper sentences. Children with Receptive Language Disorder have difficulties comprehending spoken and written language. Finally, children with Expressive-Receptive Language Disorder will exhibit both kinds of symptoms.

Children might be born with these disorders or they may be acquired due to brain trauma. In adults, language disorders may also be the result of a stroke.

 

Symptoms and Characteristics of Language Disorders

Children with Expressive Language Disorder generally do not have difficulty speaking words or with articulation. However, formulating the right sentence or set of words to describe things or to express an emotion is difficult because they cannot retrieve the correct word when necessary. Grammar is a hard concept for them to understand and they may not use of articles (a, the), prepositions (of, with) and plurals. An early symptom is delay in the early stages of language, so if your child takes longer to formulate words or starting to babble, it can be a sign of ELD.

Children with Receptive Language Disorder may act like they are ignoring you or just repeat words that you say; this is known as “echolalia." Even when repeating the words you say, they may not understand.  An example of this is if you say, “Do you want to go to the park?” and they respond with the exact phrase and do not answer the question. They may not understand you or the fact that you asked them to do something.

Children with Expressive-Receptive Language Disorder can have a mix of these symptoms.

 

Treatment for Language Disorders

For all Language Disorders, seeking a advice from a professional speech therapist as soon as you realize that your child may have a problem is an important first step. If you think your child is suffering from Receptive Language Disorder, having an audiology (hearing) test done is also a good idea. If hearing is not an issue, regular lessons with a speech language pathologist (SLP) will help strengthern your child's language skills. The SLP will work with your child in a clinic or school setting using various techniques to extend your child’s vocabulary and will use repetition and emphasis on targeted words to help your child determine word definition.

A SLP may help a child with Expressive Language Disorder to better develop his vocabulary and reinforce the understanding of verbs and nouns. Narrating actions and using flashcards to give visual definition to objects helps build vocabulary skills.

Parents can work at home with their children by narrating their everyday actions, reading and telling stories with their children. Involving kids in everyday activities while telling them what you are doing can be a great deal of help.

Unfortunately, Speech Buddies do not help with language disorders as correct sound production is generally not an issue. If a child with a language disorder also has difficulty producing sounds correctly (articulation), then Speech Buddies may be a more applicable part of the treatment plan.

 

Other Speech Disorders

Articulation Disorder, Apraxia of Speech, Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Cleft Palate, Down syndrome, Fragile X Syndrome, Speech Delay, Stuttering

 

References:

http://www.speechbuddy.com/blog/speech-disorders-2/receptive-language-disorders/

http://www.speechbuddy.com/blog/speech-disorders-2/coping-with-expressive-language-disorders/\

http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Receptive_language_disorder 

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Speech Buddies Connect and Speech Buddies Games allow users to communicate with other users on the platform. We define users as “speech-language pathologists,” or “speech therapists,” and “parents.” The intention of Speech Buddies Connect is to allow parents looking for speech therapy services for their children to contact and communicate with licensed Speech-Language Pathologists who provide speech services. Speech Buddies Games allows students to practice online exercises that can help improve their speech and articulation. Speech Buddies Games can be used by Students, Parents, and Speech-Language Pathologists.

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